The two remaining candidates in France's presidential election don't belong to a mainstream party, and their political visions are worlds apart. Far-right leader Marine Le Pen has established her entire policy program on protecting a so-called national identity. From trade to foreign relations, her potential electoral victory would herald massive changes across the spectrum of French policy. On the other hand, banker-turned-politician Emmanuel Macron has positioned himself in the center of French politics, of which his electoral victory would represent comparatively moderate changes. With the candidates' proposed policies bearing few commonalities, French citizens face a relatively clear decision in the second round of the presidential elections, slated for May 7. DW explores where Le Pen and Macron stand on key issues that affect the future of Europe and France's place in the international community. Europe: Frexit or EU? Le Pen has expressed her desire for France to … [Read more...] about Le Pen vs. Macron: Where they stand
The politicians in Brussels who negotiated the new EU data protection regulations obviously have little contact with young people and a limited understanding of the growing importance of social media in their lives. Otherwise they might have realized the ridiculousnessof their plans. As parents of teenagers know, you can hold off the exposure to digital media only for so long, but eventually your kids gain access to it. When my daughter was 10 she got her first mobile phone. When she was 11 she got a smartphone. Shortly after that she was on Whatsapp and surfing YouTube. Then it was Instagram and now at 13 she’s asking for access to Snapchat and pondering where else she “needs” to be online. The new norm: online at age 10 My daughter’s digital trajectory mirrors what parents across Europe are experiencing. A study published last year by the UK organization KnowTheNet.org shows that 59 percent of kids with Internet access have already used one social media … [Read more...] about Opinion: Do politicians in Brussels not have teenagers or why are they banning them from social media?
All countries that use nuclear power (with the exception of North Korea) have committed themselves to report nuclear incidents and accidents to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Those reports are principally public - the idea is that experts and media can freely inform themselves and openly discuss the gravity and significance of the events. But there are doubts that this information flows as intended - even in western democracies. In the French power plant Fassene (in German: "Fessenheim"), there was an incident on April 9, 2014 in which water damaged part of the reactor protection system. The reactor was shut down and the case reported to the IAEA as a level 1 incident. But the event should have been reported as an incident of the next higher level, according to a report issued Friday by investigative journalists from the German public broadcaster WDR and the daily Süddeutsche Zeitung. This is because there were severe complications when trying to shut down the … [Read more...] about Incidents and accidents in nuclear power plants – when are they really dangerous?
DW: What can you tell us about the current situation facing the Rohingya people in Bangladesh? Jens Laerke: The situation today [the interview was conducted on October 19] is that we now have well over half a million Rohingya refugees since August 25. These people have fled violence and insecurity in Myanmar's western Rakhine state. They have moved into the region around Cox's Bazar in neighboring Bangladesh. The actual number of refugees registered, as of today, stands at around 582,000. More people are coming in on a daily basis. We also have refugees who had fled earlier, before the recent outbreak of violence in the region. We are identifying new refugees as we scour the area to register them. This is the fastest-growing refugee crisis in the world. So we have had to struggle just to stay on top of things and assist the vast numbers of people who are in need of aid. The Rohingya people who are now in Bangladesh have fled there with nothing except the clothes on their … [Read more...] about Rohingya crisis – ‘These people need all the help they can get’
Myanmar's army has carried out "well-organized, coordinated and systematic" attacks on Rohingya aimed at expelling them and ensuring they never return, the United Nations said Wednesday. In its first major report on violence in Rakhine state, the UN Human Rights Office said security forces had murdered, raped, tortured, pillaged and burned down Rohingya villages and crops. "Credible information indicates that the Myanmar security forces purposely destroyed the property of the Rohingyas, scorched their dwellings and entire villages in northern Rakhine State, not only to drive the population out in droves but also to prevent the fleeing Rohingya victims from returning to their homes," the report states. Read: Myanmar's Rohingya: A history of forced exoduses The findings are based on UN investigators' interviews with dozens of Rohingya Muslims and groups conducted in mid-September. The report cites evidence that "clearance operations" started in the beginning of … [Read more...] about UN: Myanmar army systematically expelling Rohingya so they won’t return
A famous idiom states that nothing in this life is certain other than death and taxes. Yet, of the many ways that the films and novels of science fiction have imagined the roles of robots in our high-tech future, paying taxes has generally not been one of the functions dreamed up for our android friends. Nonetheless, the futuristic-sounding concept of a "robot tax" is now a real topic in Europe and beyond, if still being quite a distance from becoming a real thing. For many years, issues around the rapid digitalization of the working environment and the increasing use of automation and robotics have energized economic and social debate. A long established argument is that increasingly rapid advances in artificial intelligence (AI) and automation - a so-called "robot revolution" - will ultimately leave huge numbers unemployed, with no sector of the labor market left untouched. An oft-cited 2013 study by Oxford University economists Carl Frey and Michael Osborne grimly predicted that … [Read more...] about The robots are coming, and they might have to pay tax
Workers can spend anywhere from 5 minutes to 40 hours a week going through simple tasks on a smartphone, making AI all over the world more intelligent and efficient. By building platforms and crowd sourcing a large supply of workers, the companies that train AI were smart to realize the data needed could be processed by anyone with steady access to the internet. Read more: Will AI change the future of music? From this developed companies like Clickwork, Neurala, and Alegion Inc., which utilize "human taggers" to push AI education. With over a million "clickworkers" signed up, there's an estimated 100,000 people logged on at this very moment, sifting through droves of information and lending a human touch to robot training. "Staring at security cameras or an airport scanner, remote-controlling a robot, driving trucks up and down a mine did not exist as jobs until recently," says Massimiliano Versace, CEO of Neurala, "and will probably not exist as jobs occupying a full-time human as … [Read more...] about Teachers for AI — can robots create more jobs than they retire?
A ceremonial walk, a private dinner near the Forbidden City, and a meeting at the Great Hall of the People: the presidents of China and the United States engaged on their first formal talks in more than a year on the sidelines of the two-day APEC meeting in the Chinese capital Beijing, with US President Obama telling his Chinese counterpart that he wants to take the relationship to a new level. "When the US and China are able to work together effectively, the whole world benefits," Obama said. As the US president closed his first visit to China in six years, both leaders unveiled a host of agreements on military cooperation, trade and climate change. The two nations are the world's biggest polluters and the new climate deal - which includes ambitious targets on greenhouse gas emissions - is being regarded as a potential breakthrough in decades-long efforts to secure a global climate change pact. The two leaders had already aimed to establish closer personal ties when they met last … [Read more...] about Xi and Obama ‘got what they wanted’ at APEC Summit
Celtic 1-2 Bayern Munich A bloodied Javi Martinez was the matchwinner as his thumping header gave Bayern Munich yet another victory under Jupp Heynckes. The treble winning coach of four years ago has breathed new life into the club and, while this wasn't vintage Bayern, their ability to grind out a victory in the cauldron that is Celtic Park has seen them through to the knockout stages again. Just under two weeks ago, Bayern outperformed Celtic in every department but it was a different story this time around as Brendan Rodgers’ side were the sharper side in the early stages. And five minutes after another rousing rendition of You’ll Never Walk Alone — an anthem Bayern will be sick of hearing by the end of this week — Celtic should have taken a shock lead when Stuart Armstrong popped up at the far post to meet a cross by James Forrest, but somehow put it wide. When it wasn’t the effervescent Forrest causing Bayern problems, it was Moussa … [Read more...] about Champions League: Bayern Munich complete perfect October as they edge Celtic
In all the months leading to the US elections, we were awash with talk about the hazards of letting Donald Trump - President "bad-hair-day" - become Commander-in-Chief. "He's a sexist," people would say, "a racist, a moron, a blah-blah… and he'll start World War III just to settle some petty squabble." No doubt we'll find out now that he has won the White House. But to think that his elevation would amount to a little war in itself; not even the pollsters saw that coming. "We're talking in the aftermath of a little nuclear bomb having gone off, so the survivors are still staggering around, wondering what went wrong," says Ben Page, chief executive of British pollsters Ipsos MORI. Clearly, a full, considered post-match analysis will have to wait. But what went wrong exactly? The US voted in a democratic election and got what the majority - at least in terms of electoral votes - wanted. True, it was close. We knew it would be. Or so we were told by the … [Read more...] about Big bowl of wrong: What good are polls and pollsters when they get you all wrong?